Steven Van Cott
A Spokane native helping the community find safer alternatives such as CBD.
CBD Isolate Vs Full-Spectrum CBD
Now we've all heard the debate, at least in the CBD community, about whether CBD needs some THC along with it to work or not. This idea was sparked by some of the leaders of CBD research, including a man by the name of Dr. Ethan Russo. He is the same man who coined the term "Entourage Effect", a phenomenon where it was found in cell cultures and animal model studies that there was a benefit to using whole plant extracts of Cannabis, as opposed to a simple isolate product, where only one cannabinoid was introduced in the study. Primarily, this effect was seen when CBD was introduced along with THC, the compound in Cannabis which leads to euphoria, or at times dysphoria in certain populations. Despite this, in an interview with Project CBD's co-founder and director Martin A. Lee, Dr. Russo explains that CBD [Isolate] acts as broad spectrum modulator of our endocannabinoid system, without the addition of THC or the other plant cannabinoids you would normally find in a full-spectrum product (i.e. CBG, CBC, CBDA, THC, THCA, etc.). Therefore, our take-away from Dr. Russo's conversation with Mr. Lee would be that in order to make THC more effective and lessen its psychoactivity, CBD may be useful. However, the opposite does not necessarily hold true. CBD isolate products can be just as effective as full-spectrum products, and maybe even more so in cases such as anxiety, where THC might lead to panic attacks.
This is not the whole story. Dr. Russo also explains that due to the additive effects of THC along with CBD, the pain-relieving properties of the THC in full-spectrum products may be amplified when both compounds are present. Thus, there is an argument to be made that full-spectrum may be the preferred method of delivery when chronic pain and even nausea are present. Additionally, there is the vast array of terpenes, or plant fragrances, which can be added to certain preparations of full-spectrum and isolate products which have even more specialized properties such as limonene promoting wakefulness, and alpha-pinene's effects on boosting acetylcholine by inhibiting an enzyme known as acetylcholinesterase. For now though, these are topics of a completely different article. The main takeaway should be that CBD isolate can be just as effective as full-spectrum CBD; one may be more effective depending on your individual physiology and your personal preference. Additionally, you may need to boost the CBD content you are used to taking if it is a CBD isolate product, due to the amplification effects of the Entourage Effect.
You may notice, when you walk into any of our stores, or peruse our online marketplace, that we sell CBD oil in the form of a tincture. Now generally, a tincture is a concentrated herbal extract which is typically made by soaking herbs in ethanol (alcohol). This is not what our tinctures are, however. Our tinctures fall into two categories: Full-Spectrum and Zero-THC. Full-Spectrum extracts tend to include whole-plant extracts, which have been derived from the hemp plant using super-critical CO2 extraction (a method of extraction leaving no solvent residue in the final product). These extracts are then diluted and dissolved into a carrier oil, most commonly MCT oil (derived from coconut oil) or hemp seed oil (derived from the seeds of the hemp plant, containing 0.0% CBD, as we learned in the previous article). On the other hand, our THC-Free tinctures are a solution of crystallized CBD isolate (single molecule) which is dissolved in one of the carrier oils listed above. These solutions are generally taken sublingually (under the tongue), where the CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream via the salivary glands. Once in the bloodstream, the CBD can work systemically (across the body), to assist with inflammation, pain, and anxiety by interacting with our endocannabinoid system.
Another type of product you will see on our shelves at CBD of Spokane is the edible. This is an all encompassing term for CBD-infused candies, cookies, drinks, and gummies, which we sell. The difference between the tinctures and the edibles is two-fold: The time it takes to absorb and thus get relief, along with the amount of CBD absorbed by the body. Tinctures tend to act faster, bypassing what is known as first-pass metabolism, as well as having increased absorption of the CBD over edibles. Why would you use an edible then, you might ask? There are many reasons to use an edible. One might include that it is easier to use CBD in the form of an edible, a form which many of us are familiar with doing already (after all, we all have to eat, right?). Additionally, edibles are great for children who are picky eaters and want a delicious, yet CBD-infused treat for their ADHD or epilepsy.
One of our favorite methods of CBD delivery includes the use of topicals. What is a topical? This is a product which is infused with CBD, and would be applied directly to the skin or area where you need relief. Topicals come in the forms of creams, lotions, salves, balms, and even eye-serums! Generally, we recommend creams, or salves and balms for arthritis-related pain, as well as injured spots where there is not an open-wound.* Creams tend to absorb into the skin more than salves, which seem to cling on and may even last longer. The preference for these forms of topicals is totally up to you and whatever you prefer. Depending on the topical, the specific formula may include a variety of other plant extracts, terpenes, essential oils, and other ingredients which assist with the delivery of the CBD to the area. It is generally a best practice to clean the area of application before putting a topical on an area. There are two reasons for this: 1. Some topicals include DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide), an ingredient which allows for the penetration of the topical into the dermal layer of the skin. If the area is not cleaned beforehand, you may allow other contaminants already present on the skin to be pulled into your body, which you probably do not want. 2. Topicals can penetrate more completely and effectively when you clean the area of the skin you will be applying the cream or salve.
There are many routes of administration when it comes to CBD. All we ask is that you come to CBD of Spokane with an open mind and allow our experts to discuss with you the many ways people are using CBD. This gives us the opportunity to do our job better by finding products which actually work and allow you to continue doing what you do best. We encourage you to try all of our products and find the ones which you like the most. CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD no longer need to compete because this is a personalized journey for you! Some people will like edibles, others will enjoy tinctures, and still others want to lather some topicals on for spot-application. This is the best part of CBD; You get to choose! We will just be here to support you in your efforts to find relief in a safe and effective manner. Please like and subscribe to our Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or Snapchat to get all of the best CBD of Spokane updates and sales! And as always, drink water, tell your loved-ones you care about them, and keep working on the things you are passion about creating.
*None of our recommendations are from medical-professionals and you should only make decisions based on what your trained and certified healthcare provider has advised.
As the burgeoning CBD Industry ramps up, with companies left and right offering CBD in the form of capsules, tinctures, vaporizers, edibles, lotions, salves, and the list continues; how do you know what CBD is right for you? This question comes up constantly at CBD of Spokane, and we are passionate about finding products that are personalized to you. As we all know, everyone's body processes CBD differently, depending on the status of a system in the body known as the Endocannabinoid System. This system is involved in everything from sleep and hunger, to our immune system fighting off infection and dealing with underlying inflammation. As leaders in the CBD Industry, as well as concerned citizens for the health and well-being of others, we, here at CBD of Spokane, want you to know that when you come into our store, or shop on our website, that you are in the hands of a knowledgeable staff that understands each person requires a unique CBD product for their situation with the expectation of safety at the heart of what we do.
One of the great mysteries which the CBD Industry has kept secret from the public, is what exactly is in the products you are seeing pop-up in your local grocery store, gas station, and from your hipster friend, who we'll call Bob, who makes CBD edibles in his basement or kitchen. It is not a surprise that a Penn Medicine researcher has found that "70% of all cannabidiol products sold online are either over or under labeled, causing potential serious harm for its consumers." This should not only make you extremely weary as to where you are purchasing your CBD products, but should be empowering information which you can use to make the right decision! It makes you wonder how many times customers have purchased CBD products online from swindlers who wanted to sell them "hemp oil" instead of CBD oil, sometimes labeled as hemp oil extract, and received none of the benefits of CBD because what they purchased was over-priced hemp seed oil (which, for your information, has NO CBD in it).
Now for the juicy stuff. If you are purchasing your CBD on websites such as Amazon, for instance, you are most likely purchasing hemp seed oil. This is simply the oil which you can purchase in the cooking isle of any grocery store and use as a healthy dressing for salads, and in place of vegetable oil for cooking. However, this oil comes from the pressed seed of the hemp plant and contains no appreciable CBD content to speak of... So why does the tiny bottle on Amazon look so similar to the tincture bottles that actually have CBD in them? The answer is quite simple. They want you to spend your hard-earned money on products in an industry with little oversight and that they market to customers who have not done their homework. In fact, CBD is even listed in Amazon's Restricted Products page, listed under the drugs and drug paraphernalia section, meaning that Amazon does not allow ANY CBD products to be sold on their website. So whatever you do, don't buy CBD products labeled "hemp oil" or "hemp seed oil extract" from vendors on Amazon, or you'll be out of luck and out of your cash.
So if I can't trust the online hacks, or the "mother of all shopping websites" to get my CBD, how about my local grocery store or gas station? Well now the question becomes a little more complicated. To begin with, their are some reputable sources of CBD which can be found at these popular locations. Some people reason that this is because, as we know, grocery stores must have more oversight as to what they put on their shelves than the ephemeral CBD dealer online, right? I mean, these are large companies with brick-and-mortar locations that have a responsibility to their customers to provide safe and effective products to the general public, sometimes with investors whom they have a responsibility to, if they are a large corporation. Despite this common misconception, or argument from authority, we know that it is an indelible fact that many CBD products sitting on the shelf at gas stations and grocery stores are approved by corporate office workers or store managers. These are, more often than not, people who are looking at the sales potential and product popularity, which CBD has both on its side, and who have no training in what products actually have CBD in them and those which don't.
One of the most important points that we express to our customers is that we are in the business of safety, first and foremost. It is not enough to just say this though, we back this statement up with tangible results. How do we do this? We're glad you asked. Each one of our products comes with third-party laboratory testing results which assure that the bottle of CBD you purchase from us contains exactly what is on the label. No more. No less. It is not enough for a company, or friend in his kitchen for that matter, to slap a professional-looking label on a product and sell it to your local supermarket so that you see it and buy it. If you know anything about hemp, or the CBD extraction process in general, you would realize that without those testing results available, you may be purchasing a concentrated form of pesticides, heavy metals, microbes (we're not talking probiotics here, folks), and solvents.
At CBD of Spokane, we are dedicated to transparency in all of our products. What this means is that when you buy any of the myriad CBD products at our physical store or online store, we will provide you with the COA (Certificate of Analysis). This is because we know a few simple facts about the plant from which our products are derived, namely: 1. Hemp is a bio-accumulator. This means that many things in the soil besides nutrients, including pesticides and heavy metals, can be pulled up into the plant and found in the final product. 2. Hemp that is grown outside of the U.S.A. has a significantly higher chance of containing heavy metals. This is why our products contain CBD sourced from hemp primarily grown in Colorado, and some from Oregon. 3. Solvents and solvent residue (primarily ethanol) can be concentrated during extraction of the CBD from the plant. In small amounts this may be fine, and you will see that our COA's show no solvents in the final products that we sell you.
Armed with this knowledge, we can now dive into how you can choose the right CBD product from the multitude of choices out there, and find out which one works best for you. Click here for CBD of Spokane's Guide to CBD Products!
Steven Van Cott
A Spokane native helping the community find safer alternatives such as CBD.
Why CBD is not the same as Marijuana?
Is CBD from the marijuana plant? Actually no! CBD is a component of the hemp plant, which is different in several ways from Marijuana. First off, hemp is grown primarily for the oil of seeds, which contain a healthy amount of the fatty acid GLA. Hemp is also grown for the stalk, which has several uses in textiles, paper production, and building materials. Secondly, hemp does not produce THC, the main component of Marijuana which gets you high. Thirdly, and this might sound obvious, but hemp produces high levels of CBD, or Cannabidiol. Specifically, the hemp producing high levels of CBD is known as PCR hemp, also known as Phyto-Cannabinoid Rich hemp.
What will CBD do for me?
As previously posted in the article," Top 3 Benefits of CBD," many of our customers are using CBD, also known as Cannabidiol, for pain, anxiety, and sleep disorders. When you use a CBD tincture sublingually, meaning under the tongue, the onset of the CBD's effects will come on in seconds to minutes as opposed to hours. One article we found on CBD Origin, which agrees with the personal experiences of the author, explains that sublingual CBD tinctures will take full effect in about 15 minutes. The effects of CBD oil, when ingested sublingually or orally, can be described simply as a balanced feeling. Many of our customers agree that when they use CBD consistently, with peak experiences at around 2 weeks in most individuals, that they feel more relaxed, centered, and even report better sleep. On the popular forum website Reddit, one Redditor comically named, "JeamBim," explained his CBD experience as the following:
"CBD doesn't feel like anything, it's how it DOESN'T feel.
CBD doesn't feel like that nagging pain in my back on the left side. It doesn't feel like that point between the joints in my foot that has been bugging me for years. It doesn't feel like the self-consciousness I often have in social situations. It doesn't feel that voice in my head wondering how things will go wrong. It doesn't feel like the anxiety that is making it difficult to make decisions.
I don't feel CBD at all :)" - JeamBim, Reddit
Is CBD Safe?
CBD is one of safest possible supplements that you can take. We know this because scientists, along with the FDA, have attempted to find out how much CBD it takes to reach an "overdose," and they have not been able to determine any amount which leads to significant side-effects. That is not to say that some people may experience a bit more sleepiness if they use more CBD than we recommend. However, this "side-effect" seems to be especially beneficial to those customers who suffer from anxiety or a lack of quality sleep due to the stress of everyday life.
What is a Certificate of Analysis (COA)?
One of the main goals that CBD of Spokane tries to do is explain the safety aspects of our CBD products. One way to do this is through the use of Certificates of Analysis. These are laboratory results from third-party testing labs which have no financial interest in the CBD products they are testing, and thus provide consumers with unbiased reports on what is in their CBD products. These reports give the complete make-up of your CBD products; showing the potency, pesticide-levels, terpenes, heavy metals, solvents, and microbial content of the product you are purchasing. These are extremely important when it comes to buying CBD. Especially if you need to use a THC-Free product, you can scan our QR codes which will give you access to the lab reports showing that you can use CBD and still pass a UA (Urinalysis).
For more information and any questions you may want answered about CBD, please visit one of our stores in Spokane, Washington or contact us through our contact page.
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Steven Van Cott
A Spokane native helping the community find safer alternatives such as CBD.
Is CBD Oil Safe?
Many people wonder if CBD Oil (also known as Cannabidiol) can benefit them. Emerging research about this single molecule suggests that there are several imbalances in the human body which CBD can assist. Due to prohibition against Cannabis and Hemp research, many fundamental questions about CBD and its exact mechanism of action still have yet to be completely elucidated. However, consider this: Several pharmaceutical drugs treating symptoms such as depression and anxiety, those approved by the drug-czars such as the FDA, still do not have complete and scientifically-validated data on their mechanisms either. For example, a recent article from Newsweek reported that antidepressants will not work for 30% of the population due to newly discovered genetic and neuronal differences in the brains of these individuals. This translates to approximately 100 million people in the U.S. alone, who will not respond to these drugs. In addition to a lack of efficacy (meaning the drug will not produce it's intended effects), antidepressants exhibit many well-known side-effects such as weight gain, constipation, sexual dysfunction, and possibly the loss of life due to suicidal thoughts.
On the other hand, CBD does not seem to confer these serious side-effects and can safely be administered because of its wide Therapeutic Index. Taking a bit too much CBD may lead to calmness, which could be beneficial to the 35% of adults who suffer from insomnia. Another misconception is that CBD will get you high like the other main constituent of Cannabis, d-9 THC, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. CBD, or Cannabidiol, will not effect any motor functions or your ability to operate machinery. This is because CBD, unlike its cousin THC, does not bind to the same brain regions which lead to Cannabis' notorious euphoria. When you take CBD, such as in a CBD-isolate and MCT (Medium-Chain Triglyceride) tincture under your tongue, the CBD binds preferentially with cells that operate through your immune system, including white blood cells, which assist the body in fighting off infection and disease. This means that you can receive the benefits of CBD without dealing with the psychotropic effects that THC can cause.
What is CBD Oil used for?
To begin with, we just want to point out that CBD is not a"Miracle Cure-All" which several advocates may claim. CBD is simply a natural alternative that may provide relief to many people suffering from the debilitating effects of pain, anxiety, insomnia, as well as the side-effects of medications, which so often precipitate other symptoms and disease-states. There is also preliminary research showing that CBD may promise revolutionary changes with regards to how we think about diseases such as:
• Alzheimer's: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24256258
• Parkinson's Disease: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25237116
• ADHD: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22495620
• Migraines: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20353780
• Stress: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20439721
• Mood Disorders: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23108553
• Multiple Sclerosis (MS): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23851307
• PTSD: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/da.22031/abstract
• Autism: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23585028
• Schizophrenia: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22832859
• Rheumatism: http://www.theroc.us/researchlibrary/Clinical%20Implications%20for%20Cannabinoid%20Use%20in%20the%20Rheumatic%20Diseases.pdf
• Arthritis: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10920191
• Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22659086
• Neurodegeneration: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22625422
• Fibromyalgia: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18404144
How does CBD Work?
CBD acts primarily by indirectly affecting what is known as the Endocannabinoid System, or ECS for short. This system is made up of two main chemicals found naturally in your body, known as Anandamide (which means 'Bliss' in Sanskrit) and 2-Arachidonoyl Glycerol, or 2-AG. Discovered in 1992 by a team of Isreali researchers headed by Raphael Mechoulam, the ECS has been gaining ground in areas of medical research for the past 27 years. What we now know is that ECS plays an integral part in our body's ability to fend off disease, reduce inflammation, and maintain balance in the body, known as homeostasis. CBD works to return the body to a state of homeostasis by modulating the ECS and thus assisting our bodies in dealing with inflammation in a healthier way than modern pharmaceutical drugs.
In addition to Anandamide and 2-AG, we find the primary receptors which make up the endocannabinoid system to include CB1 and CB2. An analogy for how Anandamide and 2-AG interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors is to use something we are all familiar with: Airplanes. If Anandamide and 2-AG are airplanes, then the CB1 and CB2 receptors are the landing runways. This where the metaphor stops. Due to the specific-binding of our body's receptors, only molecules (or airplanes from our above example) which look like 2-AG and Anandamide can land on the CB1 or CB2 receptors (runways). CBD happens to be one of those look-alikes and seems to prefer docking on the CB2 receptor than the CB1 receptor. It is this property of CBD which leads to its ability of assisting our body in returning to its natural state of homeostasis.
Many of our customers at CBD of Spokane are dealing with very real pain. Everything from fibromyalgia, to multiple sclerosis, to neuropathy. When they walk in our door we may not be able to visibly see what they are going through, but we know that many of them have tried opiates, gabapentin, and several other drugs that can bring your body out of alignment. When the big pharmaceutical industry have failed to bring relief from pain, several times we receive feedback that CBD has been working wonders in their life. A two-pronged approach seems to work best for people dealing with systemic (all-over) pain, along with localized (points on the body such as joints) where pain arises. What this means is to use a tincture to fight inflammation (many times the underlying cause of pain) as well as salve or cream to put on those achy knees, feet, or neck. Ask our qualified team at CBD of Spokane for the specific tinctures and topicals to use for your individual needs.
At CBD of Spokane, we have several customers using CBD for anxiety of all severities. Whether you are just dealing with a little social phobia or locking yourself away in your house or apartment to get away from anxious thoughts, CBD has been shown in scientific studies to affect 5-HT1A receptors which can assist you with feeling more relaxed. When you have severe anxiety, you need relief quickly (ie seconds to minutes). Generally, CBD tinctures provide quick access to the blood stream, as opposed to edibles or topicals. Visit our shop today for a range of tinctures which may lead to a calmer version of yourself.
Insomnia is the inability to get to sleep and stay asleep properly. CBD has been shown scientifically to interact with our Circadian Rhythm, the thing that get us to sleep at a regular time and wake up at a regular time. It is integral to our health and well-being. When we don't sleep, we miss out on so many of the health benefits of sleep and don't repair our bodies properly. When someone enters our shop unable to fall and stay asleep, they may resort to using CBD for their insomnia. In these cases, a full-spectrum tincture (meaning it contains CBD and trace amounts, 0.3%, of THC) may be just the thing to get a good night's sleep. Click the button below this post in order to find our CBD tinctures and other CBD products today!